EFFECTIVENESS OF DEMONSTRATION AND DISCOVERY METHODS IN TEACHING AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION

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✎: EFFECTIVENESS OF DEMONSTRATION AND DISCOVERY METHODS IN TEACHING AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION

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Keywords: EFFECTIVENESS OF DEMONSTRATION AND DISCOVERY METHODS IN TEACHING AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION

 

RESEARCH BODY

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Background to the Study 1
1.2 Statement of the Problem 4
1.3 Objectives of the Study 6
1.4 Research Questions 6
1. 5 Null hypothesis 7
1.6Significance of the Study 7
1.7 Assumptions of the Study 9
viii

1. 8 Delimitations of the Study 9
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 Theoretical Framework 10
2.2 Concept of Teaching 13
2.3Teaching Methods in Agricultural Science 14
2.3.1Importance of Teaching Method 16
2.3.2 Factors Determining the Choice of Teaching Method 17
2.4 Demonstration Method in Teaching Agricultural Education 18
2.4.1 Method Demonstration 20
2.4.2 Result Demonstration 20
2.4.3 Procedure for Effective Demonstration 21
2.4.4 Advantages of Demonstration Method 22
2.4.5 Disadvantages of Demonstration Method 23
2.4.6 Roles of Learners in Demonstration Method 23
2.4.7 Roles of Teachers in Demonstration Method 24
2.4.8 Qualities of Demonstration Method 24
2.5 Discovery Method in Teaching Agricultural Education 25
2.5.1 Enhanced Discovery Learning 27
2.5.2 Roles of Teachers in Discovery Method 28
2.5.3 Roles of Learners in Discovery Method 29
2.5.4 Criticism of Pure Discovery Learning 30
ix

2.5.5 Effects of Discovery Learning on the Cognitive Load 31
2.6 Effectiveness of Agricultural Education Teaching Methods 31
2.6.1 Agricultural Education Teaching Style 33
2.6.2 Characteristics of a Good Agricultural Educator 33
2.6.3 Who is an Agricultural Science Teacher? 34
2.7 Students‟ Academic Performance 34
2.7.1Relationship between Teaching Methods and Students‟ Academic Performance 40
2.8 Empirical Studies 40
2.9 Summary of Reviewed Literature 46
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research Design 48
3.2 Population of the Study 49
3.3 Sample and Sampling Techniques 49
3.4 Instrument for data Collection 50
3.4.1 Validity of the Instrument 50
3.4.2 Pilot Test 51
3.4.3 Reliability of the Instrument 51
3.5 Procedure for data Collection 51
3.6 Procedure for Data Analysis 53
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1 Answers to Research Questions 54
4.2 Test of Null Hypotheses 56
x

4.3 Summary of Major Findings 58
4.4 Discussions of Major Findings 58
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Summary 61
5.2 Conclusion 62
5.3 Contributions to Knowledge 63
5.4 Recommendations 64
5.5 Suggestion for Further Study 64
REFERENCES 65
APPENDIX 70

ABSTRACT
The study was carried out to determine the effectiveness of demonstration and discovery
teaching methods in agricultural education in colleges of education in North-west zone Nigeria.
Pre-test, post-test quasi experimental design was adopted for the study. The study had three (3)
specific objectives three research questions and three null hypotheses. The entire 1010 NCE II
Agricultural education students of the twelve (12) colleges of education in North-west zone
formed population for the study. A total number of 312 NCE II Students from three colleges of
education formed the sample for the study. The instrument used for data collection was a 40 –
item multiple choice agricultural education achievement test (AEAT) which was administer to
students before and after exposing them to demonstration and discovery method Scores obtained
were analyzed using mean, standard deviation and t-test statistics. The findings showed that,
both demonstration and discovery methods of teaching had significant effect on the academic
performance of agricultural education students, however, demonstration was found to be more
effective than the discovery method. It was concluded that demonstration method enhanced
students‟ ability to handle agricultural manipulations. The researcher therefore recommended
among other things that curriculum planners should emphasize the importance of using
demonstration in teaching agricultural education in colleges of education in north-west zone
Nigeria, and encourage their use in teaching and learning procedures.

Keywords: EFFECTIVENESS OF DEMONSTRATION AND DISCOVERY METHODS IN TEACHING AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION

 


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Keywords: EFFECTIVENESS OF DEMONSTRATION AND DISCOVERY METHODS IN TEACHING AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION

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