THE EFFECTS OF BANK FRAUD IN THE NIGERIAN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT (21ST CENTURY EXPERIENCE)

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✎: THE EFFECTS OF BANK FRAUD IN THE NIGERIAN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT (21ST CENTURY EXPERIENCE)

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Keywords: THE EFFECTS OF BANK FRAUD IN THE NIGERIAN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT (21ST CENTURY EXPERIENCE)

 

RESEARCH BODY

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

The concept fraud is a term known in all works and cranny in Nigeria. Fraud has eating deep into the fabrics of Nigerian society, mostly in this present 21st Century. The only remedy to this ugly situation will be self discipline and honesty among bank staff, otherwise this decadence will persist. What is fraud? Some well read individual have tried to bring the subject home in a better language for easy understanding. Okorie (2000). Defined fraud in his book “Understanding Practical Auditing and Investigation,” as irregularities involving the use of criminal deception to obtain unjust or illegal advantage. The word irregularity is used to refer to intentional distortion of financial statements for whatever purpose and misappropriation of Assets. Donnel (2001) argued that “fraud in the contemplation of Civil Court of Justice, may be said to include all act of omission and concealment, justify reposed and are injurious to another by which undue or unconscientiously is taken of another”. Microfinance bank certification programme study manual (2012) define fraud as a deception deliberately practiced in order to secure unfair or unlawful gain. Adewumi (2011) described fraud as a “conscious premeditated action of person or group of person with the intention of selfish or personal monetary gain”. It involves the use of deceit and trick and sometimes highly intelligent canning, and known how. The action usually takes the form of foregoing falsification of documents, outright theft. Fraud in its entering whereby another is sought to be deprived by illegal or inequitable means what he is entitled to Donnel (2001). The above definition may not enough to express what fraud is to the reader, but can at least give a vivid definition of the term because it contains the fundamental of fraud which includes. 1. There must be deceived through motive immaterial. 2. There must be damage to the person deceived, Infact, where there is money, there is bound to be fraud. Harry (2000) opined that “No one is entirely immune to fraud. It crop up in small and large amount. It is perpetrated by management both senior and junior employees whenever fraud is mentioned, one thinks of loss of money in financial institution like banks and insurance companies. In the 1960s, Banks and Insurance fraud are not tetched.

Keywords: THE EFFECTS OF BANK FRAUD IN THE NIGERIAN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT (21ST CENTURY EXPERIENCE)

 


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Keywords: THE EFFECTS OF BANK FRAUD IN THE NIGERIAN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT (21ST CENTURY EXPERIENCE)

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