This study, “THE FACTORS INFLUENCING STUDENT TEACHERS PERFORMANCE DURING TEACHING PRACTICE” contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.
Keywords: THE FACTORS INFLUENCING STUDENT TEACHERS PERFORMANCE DURING TEACHING PRACTICE
This project or research work is a factor influencing the performance of student teachers in teaching practice in some secondary school in llaje. This project is divided into five chapters one is the background of the study, objective of the study, research question, significant of the study, scope of the study, limitation of the study as well as the definition of teaching practice. Chapter two is concerned with review of related literature. Chapter three involves methodology, instrumentation, procedure for data analysis, validation of instrument and gathering information through administration of questionnaires to selected schools. Also chapter four is devoted to analysis, interpretation and discussion of result. Here the research find the problems which students encounter during teaching practice such as lack of teaching aids e.t.c. and the solution to those problems. Chapter five finally involve summary, conclusion, recommendation and reference.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Statement of the problems
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope of the study
Definition of terms
Population of study
Administration of instrument
Method of data analysis
Analysis and interpretation of result
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Education is view as an instrument of change. Every nation has strong faith in the effectiveness of education as a powerful instrument for notion development that is why most countries are attempting to adjust their educational philosophy and policies to match the changing economy and social structure (NPE, 1987) education is a process by which people are used to culture into which they are born in order for them to develop it further. Beside education is centered on maximum development of the individual members of the society mentally, socially and religiously so that the individual can become useful to himself and the society (Farrant, 1992) .
It is in this direction that the government took step to eradicate illiteracy in education in a developing country like Nigeria. This resulted in more people being registered in the universal “free” primary education (UPE) introduction by the various governments in primary school and latter in secondary school in order to cope with the increasing trend of admission into the secondary schools. Inspite of this, the performance of education in schools has continued to be discouraging this secondary school in Ondo state. The falling standard of education in school has been attributed to a number of perceived factors such as lack of support to students teachers by host teachers/principal, unconducive climate accommodation problems and the government.
Fagbonuye (1999) stated that the problem of non availability of teachers in schools was one of the various reasons for poor student’s performance. It cites a situation where four teachers were made to face one thousand students to him a poorly both qualitatively cannot produce students with high academic standards.
Student teachers on teaching practice play a pivotal role in providing education to the students. Every school strives to recruit good and qualified teaching staff that can deliver quality education to its students. Only highly qualified and committed student teachers can produce effective results by producing good quality of students, who contribute to their country in future. Therefore, it is crucial for schools to encourage the student teachers for optimum performance. This is because only qualified teachers can give best education to the students. Thus, for the quality of education the quality of teachers matter a lot. But if the
student teachers are having negative intentions while on teaching practice, then it will have negative impact on students and school’s performance as well. Thus, it is very essential to encourage student teachers to deliver good quality of education. The student teachers can be retained successfully only if they are satisfied with their performance during teaching practice.
Therefore, motivation is a mechanism through which the student teachers can be loyal and committed to the schools, thereby improving their performance during teaching practice. Only motivated student teachers perform well and produce good results by delivering the quality education to students.
The teacher turnover rate in education sector is higher than any other sectors (Liu & Meyer, 2005). Ingersoll and Smith in (2003) stated that between 40% and 50% of all beginning teachers usually leave this profession after five years
of teaching. The consistent teacher’s turnover result into teacher shortage for increased student populations. Many studies of the West have provided evidence of teachers shortage issues in schools of various countries, i.e, U.S, (Edgar & Pair, 2005; Ingersoll, 2003; Liu & Meyer, 2005), Netherlands (Tigchelaar, Brouwer, & Korthagen, 2008), and Hong Kong (Choi &Tang, 2009). Many researchers of other countries like Australia have also highlighted this issue in schools (Goddard, O’Brien, & Goddard, 2006). Across the US, nearly half a million teachers leave their schools each year (Boyd et al., 2011; Alliance for Excellent Education, 2008). Many researchers investigated the factors that impact turnover of permanent and temporary teaching staff in the context of U.S (DeAngelis & Presley, 2007; Johnson, Berg, & Donaldson, 2005).
It is very important to motivate student teachers for good performance during teaching practice. According to Mary (2010), both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation leads to student teacher’s superior performance. These motivational factors such as allowances, salary and recognition etc impact positively on their satisfaction which results into their effective performance as well.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Research work in the past have shown that the factors influencing student performance during teaching practice have been of great concern to many individuals, parents, teachers, government and even the students it is clear that performance is getting poorer even as most bodies mentioned above trying their possible best.
To find solution to these problems the following questions were asked;
1. How does learning environment influence students teachers performance.
2. Does lack of support by host teachers influences student’s performance.
3. How does the attitude of teachers affect the performance of the student teachers?
4. How does attitude of supervisor influence student’s teachers performance.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF STUDY
This study was carried out to find out the factors influencing student teachers performance during teaching practices in Ilaje Local Government Area, Ondo State. With a view providing suggestions for the improvement in order to enhance better academic performance. It is in this light that the following aims and objective were designed with a view to answer the research questions.
1. To identify the constraint that result lack of support to students by teachers.
2. To find out how the attitude of students teachers during teaching practice has affected the performance of student.
3. To find out if poor infrastructure facilities in school affect students teachers performance.
4. To find out how learning climate of the school influence students teachers performance.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
This following research questions were formulated for this study.
1. Do lack of support by host teachers influencing student performance?
2. Does the attitude of students influence student teacher performance?
3. How does the attitude of the student influence the performance of the student’s teachers?
4. How does attitude of supervisor influence student teacher performance?
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study examines some of the factors influencing students’ teachers performance in Ilaje Secondary School, Ondo State. It is hoped that it may be possible to discover the variables that affect the performance of students in school and proffer some suggestions to educational administration on ways and means of improving the teaching and learning process. It may also be of great importance to parents, government curriculum planners. The result of the study may highlight the need for adequate teaching aids motivation of teachers by government seriousness on the part of students and parents’ cooperation from most teachers. The findings of this study may assist educational administrators in training, monitoring of teachers and help reduce poor performance on the part of students. These may bring about effective and qualitative education as well as improving students’ academic performance.
1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
The study was designed to cover schools in Ilaje Local Government Area, but because of the huge nature of the local government, few schools were selected and other factors that affected academic performance are psychological factors, transportation cost, and intelligence. This study was restricted to some Secondary Schools in Ilaje Local Government Area of Ondo state. These schools were selected heterogeneously to reveal the general principles of attitudinal response.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
The following terms were defined in the context and they were used in the study.
Instructional materials: they are materials in instructing a given direction during a unit of instruction.
Quantitative: Properties of things that can be measured.
Qualitative: Concerned with quality.
Academic performance: Notable action achievement of students.
Host teachers: Can also be seen as permanent teachers in the school.
Educational administrators: Educational officials that are set aside for proper organizing of monitoring of schools activities.
Student teachers: Students who are undergoing teaching practice as a training.
Educational effectiveness: Producing the result that is required in the act of study.
Keywords: THE FACTORS INFLUENCING STUDENT TEACHERS PERFORMANCE DURING TEACHING PRACTICE