THE ROLE OF CIVIL SOCIETY GROUPS IN ENSURING FREE, FAIR AND CREDIBLE ELECTIONS IN NIGERIA 2007 AND 2011 ELECTION

3,000.00

Category:
RESEARCH INFORMATION

✎: THE ROLE OF CIVIL SOCIETY GROUPS IN ENSURING FREE, FAIR AND CREDIBLE ELECTIONS IN NIGERIA 2007 AND 2011 ELECTION

❐: Chapter 1 – 5
♣:₦3, 000
❑: Ms Word format

: GET COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

This study, “THE ROLE OF CIVIL SOCIETY GROUPS IN ENSURING FREE, FAIR AND CREDIBLE ELECTIONS IN NIGERIA 2007 AND 2011 ELECTION” contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.

Keywords: THE ROLE OF CIVIL SOCIETY GROUPS IN ENSURING FREE, FAIR AND CREDIBLE ELECTIONS IN NIGERIA 2007 AND 2011 ELECTION

 

RESEARCH BODY

ABSTRACT

This research work was carried out to examine the roles of civil society groups in ensuring free, fair and credible election in Nigeria, and how influential these groups are in the electoral process in Nigeria, and how these groups are being seen as a means of acquiring the spoils of democracy. The researcher adopted a descriptive survey design with the use of questionnaire to get information from randomly selected one hundred (100) individual. Data were collected through structural questionnaires that were distributed in the area of the study. The data collected were analyzed through percentage method which made the result to be interpreted in a way that will make it explicit. From the study, it was discovered that the civil society groups are really trying their effort in ensuring free, fair and credible election in Nigeria. Lastly, it was recommended that the civil society groups should organise more training programmes and seminars like workshop for leadership and developmental skills, it is also notes that the civil society groups should increase the training ground for future political leaders.

CHAPTER ONE 1.1    Background to the Study

The process of electing representatives of the people into the public offices is the one that has become all the more challenging in many states of the world, especially in the developing countries like Nigeria. The aftermath of periodic election in these countries is characterized with electional tribunal verdicts, nullifying and reconducting election, investigating electoral mal-practices and other various election misconduct. This is emphasizing the fact that electoral perfection has not been reached, and as such all stakeholders in the state are to mobilize resources-human and material in pursuit of a viable and reliable electoral process that will usher in representative election results. The role of the civil society in achieving credible electives cannot be over emphasized.

The role of civil society groups in ensuring credible elections and how influential these groups are in the electoral process in Nigeria requires mention. They remain that channel that connects the people, political aspirants, electoral body and security agencies together. A civil society “is composed of the totality of voluntary civic and social organization and institution that form the basis of a functioning society, as commercial institutions of the market”. A civil society group can also e defined as stakeholder or non-governmental agencies, institutions and groups within s state, having the ability to influence certain decision, policies and activities of either government or other groups within the state source.

In the words of Robert Fatton, Jr (1992), “civil society is the private sphere of material cultural and political activities resisting of material cursions of the state”. In its general and provisional configuration, civil society groups represent a counter weight to state power and they serve as critical agent of transparency and accountability. Nigeria has several civil society groups that tend to put both the government and their policies in check, assist in achieving some of those objections that would have seemed impossible for the government achieve on her own. Although these organisations vary in composition mission statement and core values-non-government organizations, they all have in common an ideology of promoting equity and justice in the polity and brining about development that can be sustained from many organizations to come.

Election is the process of reading consensus on the representative of the citizen of a particular state in public offices. Several erudite scholars of political science has written and defined extensively the concept of election. Election as one procedure of aggregating preferences of a particular kind. It is also a procedure that allows member, of an organization or community to choice representative who will hold position of authority within it. The subject election is essentially one that assists a group of varied individuals to reach a consensus on one representative among alternatives. In the words of Moru (2005), the intellectual political and economic order has been impacted by the rise in civil society organizing. The civil society has become a social force that seeks to put people before profit, food on the table before boosting national reserves. This force of change questions the rational for poor people dying of easily preventable diseases and does not understand why poor people cannot afford life saving treated mosquito nets”.

Then Transition Monitoring Group (TMG) is the foremost election observer condition in Nigeria founded in 1998, it began by observing the 1999 elections and is currently made up of 170 member groups. The group has a mission of “promoting the development and practice of democratic values and to monitor democratic institutions and the electoral process”. There are other civil society groups that exist in Nigeria like

1.         Women Awareness Organization (WAO)

2.         Justice Development and Peace Commission

3.         Youth Patriot Foundation and

4.         Alliance for Credible Elections

1.2    Statement of the Problem

The Nigerian polity over the years had been immersed in endemic electoral violence. Rather than elections to be embraced as one of the important processes that strengthen democratic institutions and facilitate peaceful transition of power, they are seen as means of acquiring the spoils of democracy (Sule, 2000). Not only that, electoral mind have the candidate that spends more deserves the vote and mandate.

Hence, citizens have become more cynical about governance as there seems to be no hope in the election conducted after Nigeria is electoral process have marked by widespread violence, intimidation, bribery and corruption just to maintain.

All these and the roles of electoral offices who hid themselves and manipulate election results are to be examined in this research which focused on the role of civil society groups in ensuring free, fair and credible elections.

1.3    Purpose of the Study

·               The purpose of this study is to examine the roles of the civil society groups in having free, fair and credible election.

·               It will also find out the rate at which the civil society groups have been committed to their duties.

·               It considers the general attitudes of the citizen of Nigeria towards having free, fair and credible election is also of great relevance.

·               It will also find out how the civil society groups have been able to act according to what is in the mind of the citizens towards the election.

1.4    Research Questions

(1)       What are the roles of civil society group in Nigeria?

(2)       How has civil society groups achieved its aims and objectives in Nigeria?

(3)       How does civil society groups ensure elections are free, fair and credible?

(4)       Why are civil society groups an integral part of a democracy?

1.5    Significance of the Study

The significance of the research is on the active participation of civil society groups or organizations which has been widely acknowledged as significant in deeping and consolidating the democratic experience of nations.

The civil society groups will have to ensure that reforms are truly implemented to ensure free and fair elections in Nigeria. They have contributed immensely in educating voters. In brining issues of concern to public limelight in ensuring that global best electoral practices and policies are implemented through observation and in the provision of experienced electoral support.

1.6    Scope of the Study

The scope of this study is limited to Odeda Local Government especially in considering their level of political participation vise a vise with how these political participation has affect their political development in having free, fair and credible election. The scope would have been extended to the whole of Ogun State but that will make the whole of the study too porous and as such it will not bring out achievable result.

1.7    Definition of Terms

Civil society groups: Is the aggregate of non-governmental organizations and institutions that manifest interest and will of the citizens civil society includes the family and the private sphere referred to as the “third sector” of society distinct from government and business.

Free: It means to be free from charge, not under the control or in the power of another. It is to be able to act or be done as one wishes.

Fair: In accordance with the rules or standards legitimate, without cheating or trying to achieve unjust advantage.

Credible: To be capable of being believed, to be considered.

Election: It is a formal and organized process of electing or being elected, especially of members of a political body.

It is also the act or power or choosing someone for a public office by voting.

It is also a formal decision making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold a public office.

It is also a formal and organized choice by voting for a person for a political office other positions.

 

Keywords: THE ROLE OF CIVIL SOCIETY GROUPS IN ENSURING FREE, FAIR AND CREDIBLE ELECTIONS IN NIGERIA 2007 AND 2011 ELECTION

 


DO YOU WANT TO ORDER FOR THE COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL? Then click here

GET COMPLETE PROJECT

Have you made payment for this project? If YES, contact our Customer Care.

For further enquiries, call our Hotlines ☎: 08139342394 or 08152487601


PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS | HIRE A WRITER | HOW TO PAY FOR PROJECT

 

Keywords: THE ROLE OF CIVIL SOCIETY GROUPS IN ENSURING FREE, FAIR AND CREDIBLE ELECTIONS IN NIGERIA 2007 AND 2011 ELECTION

 


DISCLAIMER: hiWriters.com.ng focus on attracting students and researchers to materials that can be used as guide, framework, and reference for their project work. All contents/materials on this website are for research purposes only and for no reason should you copy verbatim. This platform is not encouraging any form of plagiarism, neither are we advocating the use of the project materials for cheating. We strictly recommend that research project topics and materials ordered for should serve as a guide or framework only. The contents therein should be used to generate fresh ideas for your own research. Finally, hiWriters.com.ng will not be liable for any material used inappropriately.