THE ROLE OF ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL CRIMES COMMISSION (EFCC) IN COMBATING CYBERCRIMES IN NIGERIA

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RESEARCH INFORMATION

✎: THE ROLE OF ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL CRIMES COMMISSION (EFCC) IN COMBATING CYBERCRIMES IN NIGERIA

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Keywords: THE ROLE OF ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL CRIMES COMMISSION (EFCC) IN COMBATING CYBERCRIMES IN NIGERIA

 

RESEARCH BODY

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • Background of the Study

In recent times, our society is increasingly relying on the internet and other information technology tools to engage in personal communication and conduct business activities among other several benefits. While these developments allow for enormous gain in productivity, efficiency and communication they also create a loophole which may destroy an organization. The term cybercrime can be used to describe any criminal activity which involves the computer or the internet network (Okeshola, 2013). This term is used for crimes such as fraud, theft, blackmail, forgery, and embezzlement, in which computers or networks are used. In (Maitanmi, 2013) cybercrime was defined as a type of crime committed by criminals who make use of a computer as a tool and the internet as a connection in order to reach a variety of objectives such as illegal downloading of music files and films, piracy, spam mailing and the likes. Cybercrime evolves from the wrong application or abuse of internet services. The concept of cybercrime is historical. It was discovered that the first published report of cybercrime occurred on the mainframe computer in the 1960s (Maitanmi, 2013). Since these computers were not connected to the internet or with other computers, the crime was committed by the employers (insider) in the company, hence it was referred to as computer crime rather than cybercrime. According to (Lakshmi, 2015) as at 2003, the United States and South-Korea have the highest cyber-attacks of 35.4% and 12.8% respectively. With the population of Nigeria placed at 160 million from the last census carried out in 2006, a recent statistics revealed that about 28.9% have access to the internet (Hassan, 2012). It was also proven that 39.6% African users of internet are actually Nigerian, hence, the high increase in the rate of internet crime in Nigeria (Hassan, 2012). Presently, cybercrimes are performed by people of all ages ranging from young to old, but in most instances the young. Presently, cybercrimes are performed by people of all ages ranging from young to old, but in most instances the young.

Studies that focuses on cybercrime largely concentrates on situations in the western world forgetting that the nature of cybercrime is such that geographical and political boundaries are being rendered irrelevant. A person who has access to computer and connected to the internet might be participating, attempting or planning a criminal act anywhere in the world (Kumar, 2013). Awe (2015), confirmed that computer attacks can be generated by criminals from anywhere in the world, and executed in other areas, irrespective of geographical location. And often these criminal activities can be faster, easier and more damaging with the use of the internet. The above statement shows that it is a global issue and as such, has become an image nightmare for the Nigeria government to identify the remote causes and proffer solution. In Nigeria, perpetrators of this crime who are usually referred to as “yahoo yahoo boys” are taking advantage of ecommerce system available on the internet to defraud victims who are mostly foreigners in thousands and sometimes millions of dollars (Awe, 2015). They fraudulently represent themselves as having particular goods to sell or that they are involved in a loan scheme project. They may pose to have financial institution where money can be loaned out to prospective investors. In this regard, so many persons have been duped or fallen victims. But this could not only be the techniques used by these cyber criminals (Hassan, 2012). Attempt to address cybercrime by various governments and international organizations have not been successful owing to the fact that the identities remain inadequate. A study by Zero Tolerance (2016) indicates that cyber criminals are usually within the age of 18 and 30 years and they indulge in the crime in order to survive and have a taste of good life. Noting these observations, there is need to identify more attributes these cyber criminals possess and identify other motivating factors since it have been acknowledged that a good taste of life is a major factor.

The Economics and Financial crime commission (EFCC ACT, 2004) is primarily charge with the responsibility of enforcing laws relating to banking, money laundering, and advance free fraud miscellaneous offences and any other laws or regulations relating to Economic and Financial Crimes, including criminal code and the penal code. EFCC has the power to persecute directly without going through the Attorney General’s office. The independence corrupt practices (ICPC ACT, 2000) on the other hand focus on curbing, bribery and corruption in the civil public service and limited in time of those offences committed from year 2000. Therefore, this study is the Role of Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) In Combating Cybercrimes In Nigeria (2015-2019).

 

  • Statement of The Problem

Cybercrime is a new trend that is gradually growing as the internet continues to penetrate every sector of our society and no one can predict its future. The contribution of internet to the development of the nation has been marred by the evolution of new waves of crime. The internet has also become an environment where the most lucrative and safest crime thrives. Cybercrime has become a global threat from Europe to America, Africa to Asia. Cybercrime has come as a surprise and a strange phenomenon that for now lives with us in Nigeria. With each passing day, we witness more and more alarming cases of cybercrimes in Nigeria, with each new case more shocking than the one before.

It has become a stubborn mouth sore which causes us a lot of pain and shame because criminally minded individuals in the country are stealing and committing atrocity through the aid of the internet online business transactions. The youths in every society is of great importance and concern to that society because they are looked upon as the leaders of tomorrow. Olaide and Adewole (2014), observed that a sizeable number of criminals in Nigeria fall within the youthful age. The youths at present have discovered different ways of using the internet in doing different types of criminal activities and these age brackets are usually found in tertiary institutions in Nigeria. Nigeria is not the only nation where cybercrimes are being perpetrated. The incident can rightly be said to be on the increase in the country due to lack of security awareness and under reportage respectively. Although some people’s level of knowledge of the net is observably just for chatting with their friends and may be get information there from, most of them may not be in the position to protect their data or information and computer from malicious programmers (Akogwu, 2012). In most Nigeria tertiary institutions, various form of crimes are being witnessed ranging from examination malpractices, falsification of admission, rape, robbery and stealing, sexual abuse, assault, cultism amongst others. But in recent times cyber crime a new form of crime now exists in our tertiary institutions which is denting and drilling holes in the economy of the nation. it is also leading to the erosion of confidence in genuine Nigerian commercial credibility and today many western countries with France taking the lead have moved to deny Nigerian businessmen and women who are legitimate the rewards of e-commerce. France today requires web camera verification for most online business transactions from Nigeria. These challenges necessitate the need to carry out a study on the Role of Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) In Combating Cybercrimes In Nigeria (2015-2019)

  • Objectives of The Study

The general purpose of this study is be to examine the Role of Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) In Combating Cybercrimes In Nigeria (2015-2019). In order to achieve this objective, the following specific objectives are required:

  1. To ascertain if there is a prevalence of cybercrimes in Nigeria.
  2. To find out the factors responsible for cybercrimes in Nigeria.
  3. To evaluate the forms of cybercrimes in Nigeria.
  4. To examine the responsibilities of Role of Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) In Combating Cybercrimes in Nigeria.
  5. To assess the challenges facing the Role of Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) In Combating Cybercrimes in Nigeria.

 

  • Research questions

The relevant research questions related to this study include the following:

  1. Is there a prevalence of cybercrimes in Nigeria?
  2. What are the factors responsible for cybercrimes in Nigeria?
  3. What are the forms of cybercrimes in Nigeria.?
  4. What are the responsibilities of Role of Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) In Combating Cybercrimes in Nigeria?
  5. To assess the challenges facing the Role of Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) In Combating Cybercrimes in Nigeria.

 

  • Significance of The Study

The findings of this research work will benefit, students, researchers, Policymakers, Academics, Economist, Civil Societies, NGOs and the Governments.

Keywords: THE ROLE OF ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL CRIMES COMMISSION (EFCC) IN COMBATING CYBERCRIMES IN NIGERIA

 


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Keywords: THE ROLE OF ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL CRIMES COMMISSION (EFCC) IN COMBATING CYBERCRIMES IN NIGERIA

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