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This study, “UNDERGRADUATES’ ACCESS TO AND USE OF MOBILE DEVICE(S)” contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.





Through the advancement of mobile technology and their increasing affordability, mobile devices have transformed from a means of communication to tools for socialization, entertainment, work, and learning. The purpose of this study was to investigate Olabisi Onabanjo University undergraduate students access to mobile devices and their use of these devices. The access to and usage of mobile devices have been largely responsible for the tremendous changes in educational and social life of students in recent years. Therefore, related literature which dealt with the access to and use of mobile device(s) by students with regard to gender usage of device(s), was also reviewed as part of this study.

The study employed a descriptive survey. A Student Access and Use of Mobile Devices (SAUMD)questionnaire was used as the instrument for data collection; Using stratified random sampling techniques, two hundred and fifty questionnaires were distributed to students from the five faculties in Olabisi Onabanjo University Ago Iwoye. The data collected were thus analyzed using descriptive statistics.

The findings of the study revealed that a relatively high percentage of students have access to mobile devices (96%) as against those that don’t (4%) meaning majority of O.O.U students have mobile devices. It was also discovered that usages of mobile were higher for female students than males. 50% of O.O.U students spent about 2-4 hours on their mobile devices and they majorly use these devices for connecting with family, friends and others around the world.

It was concluded that if mobile devices are used appropriately, it will also be beneficial to them academically.  For  instance,  students  can  form  online  communities  in  order  to  plan  for  a project,  have  group  discussions  about  class material,  or  use  the  Social  networking sites as a way to  keep in contact when a  student who  has been absent needs to be updated on current academic information.

The study therefore recommends that students should be educated on the beneficial use of mobile device(s), and it’s effects on both their academic and social lives. There should be a decrease in the time spent by students when surfing the net especially for social activities, more attention should be directed to research and academic work.



1.1 Background to the Study

Mobile devices are small computing devices, typically small enough to be handheld (and hence also commonly known as a handheld computer). Many manufacturing company produces these types of devices and these devices also have operating system (OS), and can run various types of application software, known as apps. Most handheld devices (mobile devices) can also be equipped with Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, GPS (for location) etc. enabling the devices with the capabilities that can allow connections to the internet. In this current technology savvy generation of undergraduate students, the use of mobile devices has become commonplace.

Most undergraduate students would appreciate the numerous technological gadgets that they use in their everyday lives. Some of the most prominent technological innovations available at their disposal are smart phones, laptops, iPad, PCs, Tablets and so on. These technological innovations have greatly affected many aspects of our lives and as at today technology continues to grow day by day at an incredible and unbelievable speed. Statistically speaking, about 32.7% of the world’s population have access to this technological advancement (Howe, 2012). Itu (2007) opined that the explosive growth of mobile devices makes it practically futile for scholarly manuscripts to cite the numbers of mobile subscriptions worldwide and that it is safe to point out that subscriptions are well into billions and growing. In this regard, one can project that almost every student in the University owns at least a mobile phone. Owning a mobile phone has social, economic, psychological and educational consequences on the learners.

As a matter of fact, mobile devices seem to be capable of solving the dilemma between the classroom and the computer  laboratory  by  enabling  students  to  participate  in  both  physical  and  virtual  learning  activities  (Liu, 2003).  There  have  been  many  studies  on  the  probable  effects  of  mobile  devices  in  school  and  on  learning,  and their roles and effects on the socialization aspect of students’ life (Chen and Katz, 2009; Yang, 2012; Hoadley, 2009). Several studies have also reported that mobile devices have positively contributed to student success (Marcos, Hilera, Barchino, Jiménez, Martínez., Gutiérrez, Otón 2010;  Hwang,  Wu  and  Ke,  2011).  It is considered that also the use of mobile devices outside the classroom is helpful for learning (Sandberg, Maris, Geus,, 2011). Through mobile  devices,  students  create  their  own  learning  network  and  carry  out  messaging  and  social  activities with  their  friends  and  teachers  (Field,  2005). The use of mobile phones for socialization via various social media like Facebook, Whatsapp, Twitter, LinkedIn, Instagram, 2go, Eskimi, WeChat, Badoo, BBM and so on cannot be over emphasized. Students use various kinds of internet enabled phones like iPhone, Blackberry, Nokia, Samsung and various kinds of android phones for the purpose of socializing on the internet and also to keep abreast of information around them.  Adaja and Ayodele (2013) advocated that one of the breakthroughs in communication technology in the 21st century was the discovery and emergence of the new media which have facilitated the creation of the different platforms for social interaction.   Accordingly,  it  is  possible  to  assert  that  students  that  have   different  educational  needs   may  benefit  from  mobile devices through various means. In addition, the fact that these opinions are the outputs of some observations may also be used as a reference to determine the extent with which students are actually affected by these devices.

Mobile  devices have  become  an  almost  essential  part  of daily  life  especially for students since  their  rapid  growth  in  popularity  in  the  late 1990s. As  Ling (2003) states,  the  mobile devices is at cross purpose with the mission of the school. While  in  school  students  are  supposed  take  on  their prescribed  roles  as  student  with  full  concentration  on  their studies  and  free  from  contact  with  the  outside  world.  However,  the  mobile  devices  gives  room  to  blending students’  roles  with  other  roles  thus  distracting  and disrupting the students’ academic activities. In the past when fixed  telephones  were  the  norm  in  schools,  there  were minimum  distractions  and  disruptions  but  presently  with the  invasion  of  mobile  devices  and  the  eagerness  of  parents to  maintain  contact  with  their  wards,  the  device  is becoming  part  of  the  classroom.  Thus,  the  mobile  device has  the  power  to  undermine  the  schools’  authority  and weaken  their  control  over  students  as  well  as  affects  their level of academic activities (Geser, 2004). The  usefulness  of  mobile devices  among undergraduate are  numerous  and  this includes  keeping  contact  with  friends,  members  of  the family,  conducting  research, engaging in online learning  and  others.  Many  students possess more than one mobile device for different purposes, which could be for business purpose or personal purpose. A number of students are also taking the advantage of multiple SIM  cards  for  benefit  of  different  calling  plans  since  a calling  plan  might  provide  cheaper  local  calls,  long-distance  calls,  international  calls,  or  roaming.

Later, other media content emerged which includes news, video games, jokes, horoscopes, TV content and advertising.  In  2006,  the  total value  of  mobile-device-paid  media  content  exceeded Internet-paid  media  content  and  was  worth  31  billion dollars.  The value of music on phones was worth  9.3 billion dollars in 2007 and gaming was worth over 5 billion dollars in 2007. Mobile  banking  and  payment also one of the use of mobile devices which is also common among undergraduates students whereby their  mobile device is  use for mobile banking services,  such as ability to transfer cash payments through  safe  SMS  text  message.  This service also allows customers to hold cash balances recorded on the SIM cards, deposits or withdraws cash. Some students also use their mobile device banking for loan disbursement and repayment (Microfinance, 2010). A  couple  of  these mobile devices  that the students make use of can  operate  mobile  payments through  direct  mobile  billing  schemes (Feig, 2007).  This requires the co-operation of manufacturers, network operators and retail merchants to enable contactless payments (Poulter, 2011).

1.2 Statement of the Problem

The purpose to which undergraduates students use their mobile device it of concern to the academic institution and social environment. Since the advent of social media sites in the 1990s, it is assumed in some quarters that the academic lives of students are facing a lot of neglect and challenges. There are questions on how students use their mobile devices as regards social networking activities and their academic activities. It was observed that students devote more attention to their phones but what they use it for is a question to be answered in the course of this study. Therefore, this study sets out to explore: The use of mobile devices by undergraduate students of Olabisi Onabanjo University in their academics and socializing activities.

1.3 Objectives of the Study

The general objective of this study is to examine the access to and use of mobile devices by undergraduate students of Olabisi Onabanjo University in their academics and socializing activities. Specifically this research work intends to examine:

1.     The percentage of undergraduates’ students that have mobile device.

2.     The type of mobile device used by female and male students’ in different Faculties of O.O.U.

3.     Examine the major use of these devices by students ‘academic activities and socializing activities.

4.     The most addictive mobile activities and applications among the students.

1.4 Research Question

1.     What percentage of undergraduate students’ have mobile device?

2.     What is the type of mobile device(s) is used by female and male students in different Faculties of O.O.U.

3.     What are the major use of these devices on the students ‘academic activities and socializing activities?

4.     What are the most addictive mobile activities and applications among the students?

1.5 Significance of the Study

This research will provide valuable information and feedback to the students as regards how to utilize mobile device in the academic and socializing activities. The results of this study may assist institution and policy makers to consider exploring the use of mobile device. It will also help students on balancing the use of mobile device in their academics and socialization areas.

This study will also help researchers with more information on the use of mobile device, type of mobile devices used, types of application mostly used by the students and so on. It will also provide relevant material for students and other researchers undertaking similar research.

1.6 Scope of the Study

The essence of this research work is to primarily study the access to and use of mobile devices use by undergraduate students in their academics and socializing activities. The research intends to focus on of Olabisi Onabanjo University Ago-Iwoye, Ogun state. It will delimit into the five faculties of the institution namely; Law faculty, Social and Management Science Faculty, Faculty of Art, Faculty of Science and Faculty of Education. The research findings would be generalized to include all students of O.O.U.

1.7 Operational Definition

Mobile device: It is a small portable handheld device for communication which you can carry with you everywhere.

Undergraduate: A university student who has not yet received a first degree.

Academic activities: It involves activities such as seminars, assignments, research and lectures that are important to students life.

Socializing activities: these are activities that involve interactions with people and the rest of the world.






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