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Keywords: YORUBA TRADITIONAL MUSIC, A CASE STUDY OF OYO STATE
This project examines the songs used in performing kete music of the Igboora people a community in Oyo State. This research work will identify some traditional music used in performing kete, the functions of such music, the role and the kind of dance performance that accompany it.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The traditional music in Nigeria for example possesses attribute on which the value is based, traditional music in Nigeria is not just practiced for mere entertainment. It serves as an art influences general life of the members of the society that is why there is music for every human endeavour.
African music is an art that facilitates communion experience among the people because Africans are fond of celebrating life rites. Every rite has it’s own music, for example to the Birth of baby, initiation into adulthood or age grade, marriage and even death are all events for celebration, more often than not, with music.
African music is closely associated with complex rhythms loud drumming. Apart from all these, other numerous event for celebration happen during the life span of a person such undoubtedly call for music making. As a person grow he passes through various stages of life. It is cultural that people practice, a type of games, various occupation and form themselves into different societal or organization.
All these activities and systems of living form the various ways through which the society develops.
Broadly, the main concept of African culture is to say that it is a way of life. Cradle songs are not just practiced for fun they are done to develop the babies who would gradually become adults to be useful in the various endeavors of life.
The role of Yoruba traditional music cannot be over-emphasized among Africans as it pertains to all of their social works, cultural activities, recreational activities. All these activities have specific type of attached to them.
a. Ceremonial music: Ceremonial music occur in ceremonies and festivals. These festivals can be annually or periodically, ceremonial music is also performed or public ceremonies which had been accompanied by secret rites. Those ceremonies which focus on the high-ranking in their position as the accredited human representative, and human agent of psychic forces that control the destinies of the group. Also ceremonial music is for entertainment on ceremonial occasions like birthday, wedding, naming, burial and house warming ceremonies and coronation.
b. Recreational music: This is the music for relaxation and amusement. It also give rest of mind to it’s listeners human being face problems in order to earn a living and they need to go out in search of daily bread and that occurs in different occasion, such as hunting, fishing, farming are the work of the villages and they need to have rest after returning from various tasks. They play, sing and dance by organizing themselves into groups with the motive of relaxation. Recreational music is not only limited tone stage of life (adult), it is also extend to children. The music forms part of children’s game that gives room for the participation of every member of the group, lullabies is one of nursing mothers which they sing to their children in order to stop them from crying or to make them sleep.
c. Social works: This deal with four stages of life namely birth, puberty, marriage and death, it is also deals with the moral and social education and integration of the young and old members of the society. Also, poetry and saying in which the element of music is very close to the surface and all other activities that are conducive to the continual moral, mental and social growth of citizens. An examples of such activities takes places in African village after supper when both the young and old members of the society gather together to make music in moon light just for the fun of it.
d. Ritual music: This is connected with ancestral worship of tutelage gods, music has two closely related functions as believe by the African. This is to communicate with dweller on the most remote planet as well as the world of nature and the very center of mother earth also the right into one’s home so that intelligible communication can take place.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Some sons and daughters of Igboora did not recognize the music used in their community, more so, the traditional music of Igboora land that teaches and check moral decadence and ills in the society have been mistaken for something else. This project is targeted at documenting kete music to solve the mentioned problem.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of these project work is to understand the main function of Yoruba traditional music in African.
To throw light to the important of kete music in Igboora community.
To know the reason why they perform kete music in Igboora community.
To make the people of Igboora community recognize and be able to sing the music used for festivals in their community.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTION
– What is traditional music?
– What are the uses, function and importance of Yoruba traditional music to the society?
– What is kete music?
– What is the impact and contribution of Yoruba traditional music as it affects kete music in Igboora community?
– Why is kete music used for festival and entertainment?
– Who are the practitioners of kete music?
– Which musical instrument are employed in kete music?
– What are the characteristic features of kete music?
1.5 SCOPE OF STUDY
This research work is limited to Igboora, Oyo State. The study concerns the music features in traditional music as it affects music as festivals music.
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
This research was carried out to document kete music in Igboora community for the usefulness of the coming generations. It is significant because people of Oyo State in general, and Igboora in particular can have written evidence of kete music. It will provide resource material, to learners, teachers and enthusiast of music. It provides resource material for researchers in African. It also contributes to knowledge.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
– Rhythm: Regular succession of weak and strong stresses, sound for movement in music.
– Recreational: Refreshment of body and mind, or not for work done or used for pleasure or relaxation rather than work.
– Rituals: The rites or form connected with a ceremony.
– Task: Piece of work done.
– Tutelage: Guardianship.
– Ancestral: Belonging to one or come from one’s Ancestor.
– Loud drumming: Not quiet or soft, easily heard.
– Periodically: Occurring or appearing at regular intervals.
Keywords: YORUBA TRADITIONAL MUSIC, A CASE STUDY OF OYO STATE
YORUBA TRADITIONAL MUSIC, A CASE STUDY OF OYO STATE